Instructor's Guide

Quizzes, Reflective Questions and Activities

The following assignments are embedded in the Making Revisions and Using Mark-Up Symbols tutorial:


Relationship to Other iStudy Tutorials

This tutorial is related to other tutorials on writing, including Writing and the College Experience, and Written Reports. Therefore, it is recommended that instructors introduce this tutorial to students in conjunction with other writing-related tutorials.


Suggested In-class Methods of Presentation


Revision is a process of re-seeing a written composition. After you have finished the first draft, you re-read it and make changes to it. During the process of revising, you add, delete, replace and reorder ideas and terms. In other words, the process of revision involves complex activities of re-reading, evaluating and making changes to improve your work.

Discussion and Activities

Why Revise?

Small Group Discussion

The purpose of this exercise is to help students critically reflect on the importance of the revision process.

Instructions: Form small (4-5 people) student groups. Assign each group the task of listing as many possible reasons for using a revision process for writing. If students have used the iStudy tutorial on Brainstorming, have them apply brainstorming techniques to the task. Student groups can then share their findings with the class.

Group Editors

The purpose of this exercise is to have students edit a document for revision.

Instructions: Form small (4-5 people) student groups. Assign each group the task of editing a short article (provided by the instructor). Groups must use standard mark-up symbols. Groups can then share their revisions and rational for each requested revision with the class.

Note : This is an excellent opportunity to utilize and reinforce the cooperative learning techniques found in the Cooperative Learning tutorial.

[top of page]

Key Points

These points are covered in the iStudy tutorial, but should be emphasized in any discussions.

General Strategies for Revision

The instructor may want to stress the following:

Major Composition Elements

Thesis Statement

A thesis statement is the claim that your writing makes. Revision entails rethinking your thesis statement.



The development of the composition should support your thesis statement with explicit explanations and enough examples and relevant details to guide readers to an understanding of your ideas.

Ask yourself the following questions to maintain focus on development:



In order for readers to follow the thread of your thoughts, you have to structure your ideas. If you have great ideas but do not present them in a logical order, you end up only confusing your readers. Structuring ideas in a well-organized way can bridge the difference between confusion and order. Each paragraph should be unified with a central idea, and paragraphs should be logically ordered and connected.


Sentence Structure

Make sure all sentences are complete and otherwise grammatically correct.


Use of Words

Examine each word in your composition individually. Use a spellchecker and the dictionary.



There are two major documentation styles: MLA (Modern Language Association) and APA (American Psychological Association). The MLA publishes a style manual used primarily by scholars in literature and the humanities. The most recent edition is "MLA Handbook for Writer of Research Papers," 4th Edition.

To use APA format, you can consult the "Publication Manual of the APA," which provides extensive examples covering a wide variety of citations.

Mark-Up Symbols

In order to communicate textual changes between you and the reviewer, conventional mark-up symbols are useful. See diagrams in the iStudy tutorial.

 [top of page]

Assessment Criteria

Through observing both the group's and the individual's activity, the instructor may assess student performance. Assessment criteria are as follows (Instructors supply the percentage weights):


Assessment Criteria





iStudy Tutorial


The student can identify conventional mark-up symbols by drawing them and writing their function. The student can identify general strategies for revision and major composition elements by listing them.



iStudy Tutorial

Comprehension & Analysis

The student can distinguish major composition elements by giving an explanation and/or important related questions.



iStudy Tutorial

Synthesis & Evaluation

The student can modify and criticize his/her written composition as well as others' by using general strategies for revision and conventional mark- up symbols.