Sometimes a reviewer completes the final revision of your composition. In some cases he or she is your peer or your instructor. In other cases the reviewer may be an editor of a professional journal. In order to communicate textual changes between you and the reviewer, the use of standardized mark-up symbols is helpful. The actual marks made on the document indicate the changes that the reviewer wants you to make. Knowing what the symbols mean and how to interpret them is a useful skill.
Mark-up or proofreading symbols can be found in documentation style manuals and at:
|insert a comma|
|apostrophe or single
|use double quotation marks|
|use a period here|
|close up this space|
|a space needed here|
|begin new paragraph|
Tip: Common Writing Errors and Issues
Many people find that they tend to repeat the same kinds of errors in their writing. One way to avoid making the same mistakes is to make a list of them. Use a word processing program to keep a log of the mistakes you make most often. When you revise your compositions, use this list to help you eliminate the more common errors.
- Read the draft out loud to see if the sentences are in a logical order.
- Review the sentences in each paragraph to make sure they are arranged to support the paragraph topic.
- Review the order of paragraphs to make sure they are arranged to support the thesis of your report.
- Review the draft for spelling errors, incorrect punctuation, typographical errors, etc.
- Make sure that any work cited has an appropriate reference within the text.
- Review the conclusion and make sure it supports the thesis of the report and gives the reader a sense of finality.
- Read the essay again after making revisions to find ways to improve the connection between sentences and paragraphs to help the reader move through the essay. Sometimes rearranging the components of a sentence facilitates this connection. Transitional terms such as "further," "nevertheless," and "whereas," etc. may also be useful signals to show relationships to readers.